4 paradigms

A paradigm is a set of models for thinking the world and oneself and of behavior models.
Behavior models may contradict thinking models – values, ethics, etc. (1)

The original paradigm

It has been studied by Ernest Hankin for the phages in Yamuna river, etc..

The garden’s hut paradigm …

… explained through a story.
A paradigm is a general and coherent way to behave.
Imagine there is a superbug in the rosebush of my garden.
Imagine this resistant bacteria enters and “eats” the flesh of my hand.
Imagine the doctor says “ We must cut your dead hand ”.
Imagine what it is to be in that dead end.
Imagine I heard about phages, the superbug natural killers.
Imagine I go to the river downstream the wastewater treatment plant – where “ best ” phages are.
Imagine I pick up water and bring it to my garden’s hut.
Imagine I filter the water – containing phages and may be bacterias.
Imagine I put the water into a Doulton filter invented in 1835 to have water with phages and without bacterias.
Imagine that I spray this curing water on my dead hand + I use Origan du Comtat.
Imagine the phages kill the superbugs and my disease is cured.
This is the garden’s hut paradigm.

The garage paradigm

In the case of phage therapy, it corresponds to the « à la carte scénario » of searching and finding THE phage for THE superbug.
A good example is Tom Patteson‘s saved by Maryland sewage phages against an Egyptian superbug.

The factory paradigm

There are two uses of the formula.

People who don’t undestand the 3 first paradigms
The first use of the term « factory paradigm » is to describe how some people are « indoctrinated » i.e. are unable to think out a mental buck where  » all what is positive for human beings comes from a factory «  +  » factory methods should be used to solve any problem « , etc.

The factory paradigm for standard phages
If people don’t imagine that growing standard phages is like producing pencils or synthesis molecules, there is a future for growing phages in factories.


(1) Paradigm article in WikiPedia : Another use of the word paradigm is in the sense of « worldview« . For example, in social science, the term is used to describe the set of experiences, beliefs and values that affect the way an individual perceives reality and responds to that perception. Social scientists have adopted the Kuhnian phrase « paradigm shift » to denote a change in how a given society goes about organizing and understanding reality. A « dominant paradigm » refers to the values, or system of thought, in a society that are most standard and widely held at a given time. Dominant paradigms are shaped both by the community’s cultural background and by the context of the historical moment.